Why do I have lower back pain? 9 main causes and methods of treatment

Therefore, the proposed to understand why a sore lower back women and what to do in such cases.

Lower back pain: causes in women


Causes of lower back pain in women can be very diverse, namely:

  • great physical exertion;
  • pregnancy;
  • menstruation;
  • pre - and menopause;
  • diseases of the spine;
  • diseases of the reproductive system organs.
  • diseases of the urinary system;
  • weight;
  • shoes with high heels.

Depending on the cause of pain in the lumbar region can be one-sided .

Pain in the lumbar region on the left: causes in women

In women, left-sided lumbar pain is often triggered by an inflammation of the left ovary or tube, as well as kidney stone disease, if the calculus is located in the left kidney or ureter. In addition, pain in left side can be caused by an ectopic pregnancy-when the ovum is in the left fallopian tube.

Sore lower back on the right women: causes

If back pain in the lumbar region on the right, then you need to exclude right sided tubal pregnancy, inflammation of the right ovary or tube, stone of the right kidney or ureter, as well as appendicitis.

Now consider in more detail the most common causes of pain in the lumbar region and the principles of their treatment.

Back pain in the lumbar region: causes and treatment of this problem

Great exercise

Excessive muscular corset spine is what hurts the lower back in women. Most often such pain are observed in girls and ladies, who are not used to physical work or long time does not load a physical load.

For example, the woman never went to the gym and then decided to get your body in shape. So after this load she could hurt in the waist, back, abdominal muscles, etc. This can be explained by the so-called delayed onset muscle soreness (the influence of lactic acid on muscle fibers, which manifests as pain) or hyperextension of muscles and ligaments.

Also lower back pain in women can be caused by lifting heavy bags or child work in the country and t.. D.

Pain in lower back caused by physical strain, almost always resolves on its own within a few days. To alleviate the condition will help warming ointment. But if the pain persists, you should contact your family doctor or a General practitioner, who if necessary can refer you to related professionals.


Probably every woman who gave birth to during carrying a child faced with pain in the lumbar region. It is worth noting that this kind of pain during pregnancy can be considered normal because on the spine and back muscles are under a greater load due to the weight gain of the pregnant woman.

In addition, an important role in the emergence of lower back pain in women during pregnancy plays a displacement of the center of gravity of the body, hormonal changes, reduced muscle tone and ligaments of the abdomen.

In the third trimester, when the body prepares for childbirth, the woman notices that she has a sore lower back and pulls the lower abdomen. Such pain is called about Hicks contractions are the norm, if a woman has no other complaints, as, for example, discharge of any kind from the vagina.


The ninth month of pregnancy almost all women occurs with pain in the sacrum and lower back. After all this time actively expanding the pelvis, its articulation must go that the baby can pass through the birth canal.

To cope with the pain in the back during pregnancy will help swimming, water aerobics, Pilates or yoga. Hicks contractions do not require treatment.

But in any case about all your feelings during pregnancy you need to speak to the obstetrician-gynecologist from whom you occur to rule out diseases that can masquerade as described condition.


The cause of lower back pain in women of reproductive age can also be a regular period. Menstrual cramps occur because of hormonal changes within the body. Indeed, during menstruation dramatically increases the levels of estrogen and prostaglandins in the blood, which reduce the pain threshold. In the uterus during the exfoliation layer of the endometrium, and since the pain threshold is lowered, then the woman has pain in abdomen, loins and sacrum.

Another factor that can cause menstrual pain is the fact that the uterus, by subtracting, a little backwards and presses on the rectum that can cause lumbar pain.

If a sore lower back before menstruation, it is likely the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome. But if, in pain, still sick in the morning, it does not hurt to do a pregnancy test.

For the elimination of menstrual pain, the gynecologist may recommend taking medications. Antispasmodics are best when the monthly not to accept because they relax the uterus, prolong and increase menstrual bleeding.

Pre - and menopause

With the onset of pre - menopause in the female body is undergoing great changes in metabolism and hormonal background. First decreases and then completely stops production of estrogen and progesterone.

The biggest changes are the genitals, which are located in the pelvic cavity. So often have pain in the abdomen and in the lumbar region in women of menopausal age.

Besides pain in the lumbar region, women complain of hot flashes, increase or decrease in blood pressure, dryness of mucous membranes of the genital organs, increased sweating and other unpleasant symptoms.

Despite the fact that the described processes in the body are physiological and with time things should get better, the woman must visit the gynecologist, because in this period also increases the risk of various diseases (uterine fibroids, cervical cancer, inflammation of the appendages, uterine synechia).

When back pain in the lumbar region caused solely by menopause and pathological causes in women was not identified, the doctor-gynecologist may prescribe drugs that help the female body to cope with the unpleasant symptoms of menopause. The drugs of choice in this case can be hormonal or homeopathic remedies.

Diseases of the spine

When back pain below the waist, it is necessary to examine the spine because it can show degenerative disc disease, pinched nerves, disc herniation, ankylosing spondylitis and t.. D.

The most common disease of the spine is considered osteochondrosis, which is characterized by degenerative changes in the vertebral bodies, intervertebral discs and ligamentous apparatus. Because these changes can affect and inflame the nerve roots that gives pain, which increases at motions.

Most often affects the cervical and lumbar spine. When lumbar osteochondrosis will hurt the lower back. Also the pain may radiate to the leg, abdomen and genitals.

Treatment of degenerative disc disease does neurologist and the doctor-vertebrologist. The basis of therapy of this disease are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which are supplemented by muscle relaxants, massage, gymnastics, and if necessary, surgery.

Diseases of the reproductive system

Causes of lower back pain in women can be diseases of the reproductive organs, like ovarian cysts, torsion legs ovarian cysts, endometriosis, polyps, fibroids and uterine fibroids and malignant tumors of the uterus and appendages.

Pain in these diseases is different. Aching pain is more characteristic of endometriosis, fibroids, fibroids and malignant tumors of the uterus. Severe pain women experience when torsion legs ovarian cysts.

Besides pain in lower abdomen and lower back women may also complain of fever, uterine bleeding, vaginal discharge, weight loss, absence of menstruation etc.

In any case it is not necessary to deal with the diagnosis and self-treatment or medications have the indications, contraindications, and side effects, and folk medicines do not always help. Therefore, without competent medical assistance is necessary.

Diseases of the urinary system

Kidney disease and urinary tract infections often cause pain in the lumbar region. Moreover, encircling pain may indicate pyelonephritis or cystitis.

Pyelonephritis is an inflammation of the renal pelvis, which is caused by pathogenic microorganisms. Bacteria can get into the kidney from the blood, or by ascending through the urethra from the bladder.

For pyelonephritis is characterized by constant lumbar pain, fever, sweating, malaise, difficulty or frequent urination, as well as the emergence of pathological impurities in the urine (pus, blood, mucus).

Pain along the urethra, which is given in the lower back and the inner part of the trouble, and frequent urination in women can be due to cystitis.


Diagnosis and treatment of diseases has been described urologist and nephrologists. Patients assigned to antibiotic to which the pathogen is sensitive pyelonephritis or cystitis.


Excess weight can also be a cause for pain in the back, including the loins. At a young age pain due to excess weight appear rarely, but with aging it becomes a real problem. After all, with age, the calcium leaches from the bones, muscles lose their tone, and the extra pounds make a big load on the spine, and is manifested by pain in the back and waist.

So the only solution in this case will be to reduce weight that you can do yourself or with the help of a specialist dietician.

The high-heeled shoes

High heels, let's not argue, make the legs longer and more attractive figure. But they also affect the natural curves of the spine, which can appear pain in the lumbar region.

To get rid of pain, it is not necessary to completely abandon the high heel shoes, you only have to reduce their height to five inches.

As you can see, the reasons for pain in the lumbar region very much. To decide what provoked the appearance of pain, you will help specialist. First and foremost, consult a therapist, who after a comprehensive examination of your organism, make a diagnosis and give treatment recommendations.

If necessary, the doctor may refer you to related professionals, namely, gynecologist, neurologist, urologist, surgeon and other physicians depending on the disease that caused pain in the lower back.