- gaps or problems with metabolic processes.
- rheumatoid or reactive arthritis;
- benign and malignant disease.
To provoke pain in the extremities can various irritants, according to these indicators, it is also possible to determine the risk group:
- age older than 60 years;
- birth defects;
- excessive sports activities;
- injuries and fractures;
Pain in the knee, shoulder, hand, or other places where there is connective tissue, may develop from impaired circulation of the synovial membrane of the joint.
This contributes to the deterioration of cartilage regeneration. Articular cartilage begins to break down and further damaged the bone itself, muscles and neighboring joints.
Another common reason for a doctor is isolated if diagnosed with the disease, is the food.
Pain in the joints of this factor is growing less, doctors advise to stick to a diet in which as much calcium, manganese, boron, phosphorus, silicon and zinc.
The next important factor which people have pain in the joints of the fingers and toes, is humili gradu lifestyle. Limbs begin to ache from the fact that the person moves a little, causing reduced production of synovial fluid, disturbed metabolism.
The person may experience functional facies anterior painful syndrome, which is generated from stress and nervous tension.
Why aching joints, the doctor will be able to find out after examination and diagnosis.
The symptom manifests itself in diverse forms and types, so the doctor brought the classification, which allows you to quickly determine the type of signs: the nature of the damage – inflamed and non-aestuans; the vastness of progression – mono-, oligo - and polyarticular; localization General and localized. During the development of many diseases, patients experience a painful syndrome of different nature and time of the manifestation.Clinicians have identified 4 major types of pain: mechanical; starter; night; reflected. PATHOLOGY WITH JOINT PAIN Often if a person has pain in the joints of the fingers, this may be due to the development of arthritis. To warn the patient about the development of pathology can and other signs: high fever; swelling of tissues; fever in the joints; heaviness when moving. The disease is in the form of mono - and POLYARTHRITIS, which damaged one or more joints.
Gout is identified by signs monoartrita. When a recurrence of inflammation, the patient affects the neighboring joints. In the pathological process involved the entire body. Gout is characterized by the fact that the pain in the elbow joint sharply and intensely.
Another common disease of the joints of the fingers is osteoarthritis. In adulthood, people have elastic cartilage which protects the joint from damage, gradually hardens, losing its elasticity and becomes more vulnerable stage. In the process of damage, cartilage is erased, ligaments and tendons are stretched, which provokes increased pain.Osteoarthritis can develop in any joint, regardless of its initial state. The disease can succumb to the fingers, elbow, spine, shoulders, knees. Quick to recognize this pathology is possible by some specific features:
- pain and sensitivity of the affected area;
- the bumps on the bones.
To eliminate the symptom, the patient will need to reduce body weight, to decrease stress on inflamed joints, exercise and take painkillers.
Another common ailment, which is expressed in pain, is considered to be osteoarthritis. He belongs to a group of degenerative pathologies of cartilage tissue.Apply arthrosis of the large joints: the hip;
The disease develops gradually. The patient may feel a slight crunching and pain in hip joint when walking. On hyalinus cartilage cracks appear, which lead to a rough surface. With the development of the pathology it is completely destroyed. The joint is lost former mobility, increased stiffness and pain.
To the General symptoms are added, and neurological signs.Bursitis in its manifestation like arthritis, so at the first examination of the patient, the doctors often confuse these disease. Upon detection of such pathology, the patient does not need to wonder why the pain in your joints because the inflammation is located in the articular capsule.
With the development of the disease the patient is experiencing these additional symptoms:
Often the disease is formed in the knee, the shoulder or the hips.It is possible to provoke an inflammation of the synovial membrane from damage, compression or injury. Fibromyalgia – a disease which manifests itself of unknown etiology. The disease is characterized by severe pain in muscles, joints, head, and failure of sleep. With the progression of the pathology, patients may experience fatigue and impaired functionality of the intestine. Developing osteoporosis is characterized by reduced bone density. Typically, the pathology is formed in postmenopausal women.
The manifestation is based on the change in the structure of bone tissue.DIAGNOSIS
In order to establish why formed pain in the shoulder joint, leg, hip or hand, the patient will need to seek the advice of a doctor.
A full body examination and detection of pathology can perform physician, surgeon, orthopedist, traumatologist, rheumatologist.
Diagnosis causes unpleasant symptom is to conduct laboratory and instrumental examinations:
- blood test;
- immunological study;
- test definition antistreptolisin;
- a sample of the synovial fluid;
- an intraosseous venography;
- radionuclide study;
For accurate diagnosis, the doctor it is important to collect a history. It includes information on clinical picture, infectious process, psoriasis, trauma, poor diet and other data that can tell us about the etiology of a symptom. After that, the patient is assigned to conducting the above surveys, depending on the presumptive diagnosis.
Lack of physical activity during the working day is a distinctive feature of work in the office. immotumque medentis, long stay in an awkward position and provoke unnecessary stress on the joints and cause pain, discomfort and gradual destruction of cartilage.
Therefore, office workers are advised to regularly do exercises, and they need funds that protect and restore cartilage, chondroprotectors.
With the development of the disease destroyed the protective cartilage of the joint. Through this process, the surface of the joint is deformed and the movement of a certain part of the body is limited.
Pain in the knee or other extremities during walking and intensifies gradually developing atrophy of the muscles of the limb.
Doctor prescribed to patients for joint pain with various medications and ointments, so treatment consists exclusively of conservative methods:
- the balance of power – to reduce the amount of meat, salt, and spicy ingredients,
- to increase the intake of vegetables and fruits, eat less;
- to get rid of excess weight; not abuse alcohol; sports – gymnastics in water
- to do cold and warm compresses.
Often you can find that doctors recommend to patients folk remedies for joint pain.
These include the following ingredients and procedure:
- packs of cheese,
- using the flour,
- the juices and teas made from dandelion,
- baths using anti-inflammatory essential oils.
Also to eliminate the pain is a good mixture and the ointment of nettle, St. John's wort, yarrow, potatoes and cabbage.
As to traditional measures of treatment, doctors recommend to start treatment on these principles: the use of painkillers;
- the removal of inflammation;
- stop the degenerative process;
- recovery of the musculoskeletal system; controlling lifestyle.
Choosing the perfect a cure for joint pain, the patient is provided with medications, surgery, physiotherapy and rehabilitation methods.
The efficiency of the technology also depends on the stage of pain and formed disease.
For example, in acute diseases, the patient is blockade of nerve endings, which represents an injection of strong drugs.
After this procedure the patient for a long time are all symptoms and discomfort during movement. This technique doctors resorted to in rare cases. Part of any therapy is the medicines. They are assigned to patient in any situation and with the development of various pathologies.
Man it is recommended to use these drugs that improve the General condition of the patient and pain pills when the pain:
- non-steroidal drugs;
- hormones of the adrenal cortex;
To eliminate pain attack can be a variety of drugs that are administered intravenously, orally or locally. For quick suppression of a symptom, it is recommended to use the ointment for joint pain on the basis of natural components.
Of the above ingredients of traditional medicine can be at home to make natural painkillers. It must be applied at the appearance of discomfort, and also sometimes as a preventive measure. For the local elimination of signs also used the patch from the pain.PREVENTION
Preventive measures from pain in the shoulder joint, feet, hands or hip apparatus are as simple proper way of life.
To reduce the chances of development of severe pathologies, doctors are advised to exercise several times a week for half an hour. Due to such a minor training it is possible to prevent the inflammation of the joints.
It is also advisable to choose the right products for feed, which are filled with useful nutrients and can fill the bones and joints of the body with the right nutrients.
At the slightest discomfort in the extremities or musculoskeletal system, it is necessary to immediately consult the doctor in time to prevent the development of pathology.