The intensity of the pain, and the duration may indicate the development of serious diseases that require immediate detection and urgent treatment.
If a sore lower back in the lumbar region, this indicates the presence of acute, chronic, primary and secondary ailments. This pain can be localized to the left rear, to give the abdomen, left leg and buttock.
Complaints of soreness of the lower back come from girls before or after menstruation, during pregnancy, after childbirth, cystitis, post-workout. Accurate determination of the nature or intensity of pain, combined with the results of passed tests and a medical examination can give a reliable determination of which of internal organs indicates a pathological state.
Sore lower back and abdomen
Depending on the causes of pain can be obtuse, burning, aching, sharp and spread across the back or be localized in one point. If a woman complains that it hurts in addition to the whole lower back and even below the tummy, you need to consult first gynecologist, nephrologist, and then the surgeon. After tests and undergo ultrasound doctors can diagnose:
Back pain is just a symptom. Acute pain related to disruption of the lumbar vertebrae and discs, called lumbago. Why back pain in the lower part, everyone should know. There are the following causes of this symptom:
If there is pain above the back on the sides, it is possible that we are talking about diseases of the liver, liver failure, hepatitis, the effects of the intake of toxic medication, causing pains in the liver. As a rule, in this case back pain right above the waist – in the upper quadrant.
What hurts right and left just above the waist? Most likely, in this case developing acute kidney disease. Often when polycystic, pyelonephritis chronic form of kidney neoplasms observed mild symptoms.
After all, stretching of the renal capsule occurs gradually. How to determine what pain — kidneys or lower back? To accurately answer this question only after conducting a full diagnosis.
What to do if back hurts? Of course, consult a doctor. Treatment back do neurologists, orthopedists, Generalis medicos, chiropractic doctors. They find out the true cause of the disease, prescribe a course of treatment. The cause of the pain can be:
Tumors osteochondrosis, osteoporosis, arthritis and the like; the tumor, the localization of which are the vertebrae;- injury;- infectious diseases;- stroke.
The most common reasons why a sore back, are loads. This can be improper lifting, strained muscles or ligaments, sudden movement, muscle spasm.
Few patients realize that the lower back is one of the psychosomatic parts of the body, therefore, it is very sensitive to high stress and excitement.
Anger, anger, irritability, or intense fear contribute to the release into the blood of large doses of adrenaline. As a consequence of the increased tone of muscles.
And in that case, if there is no adequate discharge, the muscles which are increased tone, gradually squeezing it. And then – a spasm and pain.
It should be noted that spinal disorders are often develop in people with unstable mentality, and for these patients, psychotherapy is the best treatment.
During pregnancy every woman has to face lumbar pain, which the maximum increase in the third trimester. The presence of mild pain is considered a normal process, but if a woman feels severe discomfort, then the risk of possible serious diseases. The main causes of lumbar pain during pregnancy are:
People describe pain in the lower back different definitions. In the back can go numb, ache, Smoking, sore, stabbing, whining, etc.
Sometimes, people can't bend or straighten. An experienced doctor in some cases solely on the description already may be expected to determine what is causing discomfort in the back.
Discomfort in the lumbar spine are caused by a large number of pathological changes in the body.
- If much back pain in the lower back and the pain extends to the buttocks and legs, it may be due to muscle strain. This process is accompanied by pain during movement.
- The initial stage of osteoarthritis or osteoarthritis is characterized by the fact that its symptoms are not pronounced. Pain reaction only appear when significant changes in the intervertebral discs, which lead to a pinched nerve in the lower back. The disease causes limitations in motor activity and severe pain in the lower back, which becomes less pronounced in the supine position. The person constantly feels tired, pain more or less reasonable during sleep and increases during exercise.
- Feeling lower back pain in women and the abdomen is associated with gynaecological diseases.
Generally, back pain is a controversial phenomenon, its character and localization, they can also be different. In any case, such pain cannot be ignored, we should not only rely on the first-aid kit.
Accurate and comprehensive diagnose only a doctor, he will prescribe the necessary therapy.
As a rule, all the causes of pain in the lumbar region are divided into primary and secondary. Thus, let us consider them in more detail.
This pain syndrome is not that other, as a pathological process, which involves changes in skeletal muscle fibers. In practice it is found much more often. It is understood one of the following degenerative-dystrophic processes:
- Low back pain: there are degenerative changes in bone and cartilage tissue. Often, the process involves the intervertebral disc and adjacent vertebrae. Perhaps the presence of spondylosis;
- Spondiloarthrosis. Surprised synovial and(or) intervertebral (facies) joints, which are responsible for mobility of the spine.
Symptoms of hernia
If worried about the lower back pain, the causes may be herniated. This is a very common disease. The nucleus of the disc of the vertebra. Often against this background, there is a rupture of the fibrous ring. The incidence rate of 150 cases per 100 thousand people. There are the following possible reasons for the formation of a hernia:
- trauma (punches, falls);
- osteochondrosis of the lumbosacral;
- curvature of the spine;
- the sharp turns.
At risk include drivers and office workers who work at the computer. Pain when the hernia has the following features:
- is a local;
- often radiates to the thigh, buttocks and lower leg;
- combined with other symptoms (numbness, tingling);
- increases during exercise.
The severity of pain is determined by the size of the hernia. If it is large, it may lead to sciatica. It manifests itself sciatica. Is severe pain in the form of lumbagoes.
Most patients with a hernia developing pain on the type of lumbago. Additional symptoms of a hernia include low potency, limited mobility of the lower back, weakness in the legs. Sometimes broken urination.
Symptoms in ankylosing spondylitis
If back pain in the sacral region and lower back for a long time, it is possible to suspect ankylosing spondylitis.
Of drug treatment acetaminophen and NSAIDs are first-line drugs for pain in the lumbar region.
In addition, NSAIDs also inhibit the inflammatory process, however, all these drugs must be used exactly as they are prescribed by a doctor, because self-medication may have unpleasant side effects in some patients, and the risk of their occurrence increases when taken for long periods of time.
More common side effects include:
- The formation of hematomas.
- Internal bleeding.
- Disorder physiology of the gastric mucosa that can result in gastritis and ulcers.
- Pathology of the kidneys and liver and so on.
Drugs from the group of muscle relaxants have a calming effect on the Central nervous system and can be useful in improving sleep and reduce emotional and muscle tension in the face of strong pain. These drugs should be taken under the guidance of the attending physician and cannot be purchased without a prescription.
Painkillers Central action when back pain is prescribed in very rare cases, only when other drugs not effective.
When severe back pain is often prescribed methods of physiotherapy, such as ultrasound, electrical stimulation, stretching, mobilization and massage. Such techniques are able to provide temporary relief, but does not prove that only with their help you can count on a full recovery. Be healthy!
Treatment of spinal pain is always a complex event, which includes the following methods:
- the receiving analgesics, the suppression of inflammatory processes;
- physiotherapy, manual therapy;
- massage, physiotherapy;
- ensuring healthy working conditions and rest;
- diet aimed at weight reduction and obtain the necessary nutrients to maintain elasticity of muscles, ligaments, cartilage.
In a separate acute cases may require surgical intervention.
Prevention of back pain
To prevent back pain is required to control a number of factors. First of all, you should provide a comfortable place to sleep and work.
Modern treatment of back pain has long been gone from the simple elimination of unpleasant sensations. It is important not to treat symptoms and their cause.
An example of such an integrated approach may be the application of NSAIDs neurotropic vitamins (B1, B6, B12) b Vitamins not only help to eliminate pain syndrome faster than when receiving only NSAIDs (e.g., diclofenac sodium), but also positively affect the physiological processes in the nerve fiber, stimulate and structure the nervous tissue.
So, the best addition was the drug injections, which involves three of vitamin B1, B6, B12 in therapeutic doses.
The use of neurotropic vitamins in high doses allows to fix an analgesic effect, promotes restoration of the nervous fibre, which helps to achieve long-term remission of pain syndrome.
Start drug treatment with daily injections for 5-10 days, then move on to supporting the introduction, 2-3 injections per week for two to three weeks.
If a patient complains, that hurts the entire lumbar region and is not possible to immediately visit a doctor, it is necessary to conduct treatment. Please note that self-medication can negatively affect your health.
The pills should always take place under strict medical supervision. To relieve lumbar discomfort, we recommend the following methods:
At home you can try to relieve pain in the back in various ways.
The use of creams, ointments, gels
Medications in these forms to help in the treatment of acute back pain and lower back pain. As a rule, they can be used independently, without anyone's help. There are several types of such drugs.
- Anti-inflammatory. They include drugs that reduce inflammation (peppermint, lavender) and pain killers – Nurofen, ibuprofen, diclofenac.
- Annoying. To the site of pain creates blood flow which reduces the intensity of pain.
To prevent the appearance of pain in the back, you can do the following tips.
- Move more. Choose for yourself the optimal option exercise and regularly exercise. It can be: swimming, yoga, gymnastics, walking and t.. d.
- Avoid weight gain is to eat right.
- Follow the posture.
- If you have a sedentary job – take breaks after a while, stand up, stretch, relax your back.
- If you have flat feet, wear orthotics.
- Use a corset or brace for maintaining proper posture.
Whatever the cause of pain in the lumbar region, only a doctor can make an accurate diagnosis, advise what to do, will prescribe the right treatment.
It is desirable to have semirigid bed. The best option of mattress 3 degree of rigidity. The shape of the pillow should not be very large to be moderately hard, she needs to lie down or under the head and neck, or severely under the neck. A very good option narrow pillow or cushion is quite hard.