Back pain in the lumbar region: causes, than to treat

It's hard to find an adult who at least once did not feel pain, and some, the pain did not leave day or night, disrupting the quality of life and forcing her to swallow bunches of pain meds. How sad, but most of those who suffer from chronic lower back pain, do nothing for her treatment, believing that to cure this pathology is impossible, and not necessary.

How wrong they were! Because effective treatment of lower back pain exists. And this does not need to look for famous doctors and modern clinics. Just enough patience to ask and to begin daily therapeutic procedures. Of course, this is not a quick process, but the result is a lack of the severe back pain you will certainly appreciate.

Thus, consider the main reasons of lumbar pain and methods of dealing with them.

Why do you have a sore lower back?

Pain in the lumbar

Causes of pain in the lumbar region there is a car and small truck. They can be divided into two parts – primary and secondary pain syndromes.

Primary lower back pain

When primary pain syndrome in the lumbar pathological changes in the first place develop into the tissues of the spine are degenerative disorders that begin in the intervertebral discs, gradually affecting the vertebrae and surrounding soft tissue. We all know by such diseases as osteochondrosis, spondylosis and spondylosis. The pathology develops gradually, accompanied by chronic pain syndrome, and the development of complications (compression of the nerve roots, protrusion or hernia of intervertebral disk, spinal cord compression) develops an attack of acute pain which requires emergency medical care.

Degenerative changes of the spine and their consequences are the cause of back pain in more than 90% of cases

Secondary back pain

Secondary back pain can cause not only diseases of the musculoskeletal system, but also the pathology of internal organs:

  • congenital or acquired pathology of the musculoskeletal pathological curves of the spine, flat feet, etc.;
  • rheumatic and systemic diseases (ankylosing spondylitis, rheumatoid arthritis, deforming osteoarthritis, reactive arthritis, systemic sclerosis, vasculitis, lupus, etc.);
  • pathology metabolic and endocrinological diseases in which disrupted the normal structure of bone, osteoporosis, hyperparathyroidism, osteomalacia;
  • malignant and benign neoplastic lesions of the vertebrae and surrounding tissues (myeloma, lymphoma, osteosarcoma, metastatic tumors);
  • traumatic injuries of the spinal tissues (the muscles, ligaments, and other compression fractures of the vertebrae);
  • inflammatory lesions of the lumbar muscles – myositis;
  • gynecological diseases;
  • pathology of the urinary tract (pyelonephritis, urolithiasis, etc.);
  • disease of abdominal organs (acute appendicitis, pancreatitis, lesions of the intestine).

In this article we are talking about the treatment of lower back pain primary nature, which are observed in most cases. But before proceeding to therapeutic interventions, it is necessary to visit a doctor to exclude more serious causes of lower back pain.

Basic principles of treatment of lumbar pain syndrome

If you are looking for the answer to the question about how to treat lower back pain, the first response – treatment should be comprehensive, some shots and pills, most likely, will not be able to help you. Mostly the medications are used during exacerbation of the disease, and after the pain stoped, start to become more active, for example, therapeutic gymnastics, physiotherapy, massage, chiropractic treatment, folk medicine, etc.

Conservative therapy

Medication Back pain and lower back pain in men

If a really sore lower back, without medications there is not enough. In the treatment of back pain used several groups of drugs. The main ones are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that also have powerful analgesic effects. These drugs are used as inside (injections, tablets) and topically (patches, ointments, creams, gels). It is necessary to clarify that the drug although perfectly eliminate symptoms but do not affect its course, to treat low back pain among anti-inflammatory drugs can not.

Painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs well eliminate the pain, but they do not eliminate its causes.

In the medical therapy necessarily include muscle relaxants. These medicines remove the pathological skeletal muscle spasm of the lumbar region (pathogenetic treatment pain in the lower back), which greatly facilitates pain.

A good helper in the treatment of back pain, which is caused by a pinching or inflammation of the spinal nerve roots are group b vitamins that strengthen and promote the repair of damaged areas of nervous tissue.

If the pain is severe, then apply local anesthetics for regional blocks, which allows for a time to relieve the pain until actions are taken to eliminate its causes.


Physical therapy is prescribed only after de saevitia remittebatur pain, with exacerbation of the it is contraindicated. The key to success in the regularity of training. Exercises to strengthen back muscles should be carried out every day. Ideally, if you have such a complex will select a certified physical therapist and teach all the intricacies of exercise.

In extreme cases, you can learn it independently (you can find a large number of videos with concrete examples of movements). The main thing you need to focus when doing gymnastics – the absence of pain. If movement causes you pain, reduce its amplitude or even discard it. These exercises at home will allow you to gradually strengthen your back muscles and eliminate pain.


Benefits of massage for the health of the back is difficult to overestimate. The main thing that it was performed correctly and competently. And for this you first need to find a good, experienced and certified masseur.

Massage activates blood circulation processes in the damaged tissues, promotes their nutrition and excretion of toxic substances. Massage as therapy is only possible without exacerbation of the disease.


Treatment and prevention of lower back pain involve the use of a large number of kinds of physiotherapy. They are all aimed at the prevention of degenerative processes in the spine and restoration of damaged structures.

Most often in the treatment of back pain apply:

  • magnetic therapy;
  • laser treatment;
  • ultrasound therapy;
  • electrophoresis;
  • thermal procedures;
  • balneotherapy;
  • mud wraps;
  • paraffin and ozokeritnye applications.
Surgical treatment

Surgery for degenerative disc disease of the lumbar is done only in extreme cases, such manipulations have a very big risk. Operate only patients with intervertebralis hernias that cause constant pain or patients with signs of spinal cord compression.

Techniques such operations there are many – from open surgery to remove the patient to endoscopic and robotic surgery replace the damaged disc with artificial dentures or bioengineering.

Unconventional therapies

Acupuncture Acupuncture for the treatment of lumbar

Treatment with injections of needles in ancient times used to fight various diseases. Modern acupuncture is an effective alternative treatment for back pain. In addition, regular acupuncture today is complemented by the introduction of various biologically active substances in the place of puncture, the influence of the magnet or laser, which further increases the efficiency of the method.

Manual therapy

Widely used in the treatment of degenerative disc disease and its consequences. The bottom line is manual exposure on the spine, management are of the vertebrae, freeing the nerves from compression, and as a result, the elimination of pain. But it should be noted that it is quite dangerous methods of treatment and to perform such techniques should only a certified doctor chiropractor.

Popular recipes

Perhaps the treatment of back pain folk remedies is very popular among the population because of their simplicity, naturalness and accessibility of ingredients for recipes, a lot of experience of their use and effectiveness. There are many recipes of traditional treatments, consider the most popular.

  • Ointment on the basis of horse chestnut is prepared as follows. Grass chestnut grind into powder and add to the fat and aphura oil in equal proportions. Lubricate or apply a compress with this ointment 2 times a day to decrease pain.
  • Grated radish or horseradish, mix with sour cream or thick cream and apply to the patient lower back as a compress. Colligationem woolen scarf and go to sleep. Repeat this procedure to decrease pain.
  • For the following recipe you will need dried leaves of burdock. Soak them in boiling water and attach to the back involvent in the warm fabric. Keep the compress should be at least 1 hour.
  • To help with back pain can rubbing. It is necessary to make the following mixture. You need to mix in Cologne, for example, a triple, a bottle of iodine solution, the tincture of Valerian and dried red pepper. Then the mixture should be well rubbed the sore spot and wrap it with warm cloth for the night.
Popular recipes well eliminate back pain, but their use is only allowed with the approval of the doctor.

There are more than a dozen, and maybe more than one hundred recipes of traditional medicine. But in each case before applying them should consult a doctor is not contraindicated if you this recipe.

If you have a sore lower back, and you don't know where to start her treatment, you will first visit the doctor who will establish the true cause of pain. Only after that joint efforts (and your technician) you will be able to triumph over illness and pain.