Osteochondrosis – a disease of the spine, where the intervertebral discs (and after the body of the vertebrae, joints and ligaments) lose their ability to normal functioning.
Cause of degenerative disc disease currently is considered to be a combination of factors, which act on the spine during a person's life. The additional risk of development of degenerative disc disease create injury to the spinal column and also posture. Some patients note the relationship of the onset of the disease and hypothermia.
It is good practice to consider
- cervical osteochondrosis,
- osteochondrosis of the thoracic and
- of the lumbar spine.
In addition, the widespread osteochondrosis, characterized by lesions in several parts of the spine.
The most common cervical and thoracic shape, because these regions of the spine are subjected to the highest loads.
Symptoms of degenerative disc disease
Osteochondrosis patients describe symptoms such as:
- paroxysmal or shooting pain in the affected with osteochondrosis of the spine;
- increased pain after exercise, as well as in the morning;
- the pain may radiate to the neck, arm or leg and in the chest;
- feeling the crunch when performing squats.
For degenerative disc disease is also characterized by neurological symptoms on the affected side:
- partial movement disorders (paresis);
- discomfort in the form of tingling, tingling (paresthesia);
- determined by palpation of the muscles, appropriate affected Department.
The disease starts and develops gradually, not abruptly.
Should be distinguished from osteochondrosis coronary heart disease (the disease pain not associated with physical activity, but due to side effects: cough, prolonged sitting).
The same symptoms can be signs of different diseases, and the disease can occur not textbook. Do not try to be treated yourself — consult your doctor.
Therapy degenerative disc disease always requires a comprehensive approach. When treatment is necessary the attention of physicians as an internist, a rheumatologist, a neurologist and physiotherapist. Treatment of osteochondrosis depends on the location, predominant symptoms and severity of the disease.
Conservative therapy aims to eliminate painful symptoms, and restore normal function of the spine.
A balanced diet in osteochondrosis greatly facilitates the patient and contributes to a more effective therapy. Read more about the principles of nutrition osteochondrosis in our separate article.
For surgical treatment directed about 10% of patients. An absolute indication for surgery in degenerative disc disease is the appearance of neurological dysfunction caused by pinching the spinal cord itself.
Additional indicators for surgical treatment of degenerative disc disease is considered to be the following:
- long periodic episodes of pain;
- increased mobility and a suspicion of instability in the spine;
- the inefficiency of drug therapy for 3 months;
- pronounced disorders that prevent the patient to lead a full life.
Methods of surgical treatment
Surgical intervention with minimal trauma:
- In the intervertebral disc after puncturevine administered enzyme preparations with the aim of scarring nucleus and the fibrous ring of the disc.
- Needle nucleotomy – puncturing the intervertebral disc for removal of the poison.
- De reception of the disc in the intervertebral disc is injected the drug, blocking the sensitivity of nerve endings.
Other methods of surgical treatment of osteochondrosis of the spine is less forgiving. These include:
- Full or partial removal of the intervertebral disc or hernia – this operation is aimed at reducing the symptoms of compression.
- Prosthetic intervertebral discs – the main objective is immobilization of the affected vertebral segments.
Operative treatment of osteochondrosis give a forecast for full recovery in only 50% of cases.
With timely treatment the prognosis is almost always favorable, but the prognosis for disability may be different due to a number of factors.
Exercises with osteochondrosis
Tilt your head forward while pushing on the forehead woven fingers. Sequentially press the fingers on the nape and temples - left, right. The head opposes the pressure of the hands, and hands and head pressures. Spend 10 seconds. every time you move.
Put the tips of four fingers over the forehead against each other, gently push the skin of the entire palm surface and soft traction movements stretch it for 10-40 sec. The same stretches we can do at the temple in longitudinal and transverse direction. Same - on-ear - stretch it in all directions, especially the earlobe. T. a. you improve circulation in areas that are rich in biologically active points.
This type of massage improves blood flow in the jugular veins, improves nutrition of the brain. Sit up straight, back straight. Slowly pull the head back, helping hand, pushing the chin back and up. Can slowly turn his head slightly to the left and to the right. Stay in this pose for about a minute. Children need only 10 sec.
This exercise improves the functioning of the cervical nerve plexus. Sit up straight, back straight. Slowly tilt your head forward, trying to touch the chin to the chest. Place the woven fingers behind your head, push forward and up, lifting his head. Sit there for about a minute. After 15 minutes you can repeat.
Raise your shoulders up, trying to reach the ears, lower, freer, faster for 15 sec. Now alternately - one shoulder up, the other down, is also 15 seconds. RUB the cervical spine with his hands.